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Right: Map of Maastricht 1747, from: Tegenwoordigen Staat der Vereenigde 88 Nederlanden.Tirion. Amsterdam 1747. | RHCL GAM 1121 director, named receiver, and a medicinae doctor, as medical of the State Council: and this Professorial dignity today is held director. The latter supervised the surgeon-major, a pharmacist, by the Medicinae Doctor of the national military hospital.” caretakers and comforters of the sick. According to hospital Medical education in the Illustrious Schools served as regulations of 1749 the medicinae doctor made his rounds foundation course, in preparation for university. Two subjects every morning at eight a.m. in summer and at nine a.m. in were central in the curriculum. First of all lectures in which winter to ‘diligently and individually cure patients’. The barber- classical medical texts, especially Hippocrates and Galenus, surgeon and the pharmacist’s assistant also attended rounds. were discussed and explained. Additionally, there was The caretaker of each ward reported the clinical course and the theoretical and practical education in anatomy and surgery. The contractor was present to take notes about the patients’ diets. latter was supported by public anatomy lessons. The Illustrious Indeed, grand rounds with bedside teaching. From 1736, Adrien School was situated in the Kapoenstraat. This meant that within Pelerin and later his successor Joannes Bernardus Vrijthoff, who walking distance of the Vrijthof there was a combination of both had received their title of medicinae doctor from Leiden practical medical education in the Military Hospital and university, were appointed head of the military hospital. The theoretical education in the Illustrious School where medicinae Council of the State appointed them as professor charged with doctors were professors. the teaching of Anatomy and Surgery. Public anatomy lessons Indeed, a Maastricht University Medical Center ‘avant were an important part of teaching. la lettre’. Like many towns in the Netherlands, Maastricht had an Illustrious School for pre-university education. Professors Pelerin and Vrijthoff also taught at the Illustrious School. Their contemporary, Willem Albert Bachiene (1779) wrote in the ‘National geography, or the new present state and contemporary history of the Netherlands’: “A Gymnasium or Illustrious School is also established here to teach the young the principles of other fine sciences. In earlier days, three Professors taught there, one of Theology; one of Physics and one of Rhetoric, then in 1766, a fourth professor of Astronomy and Geography is appointed for the benefit of not only the young men of the town but also of the military officers of the garrison. Apart from these, there is and has been for some time a Professor honorarius of Anatomy and Surgery, who, however, is not employed by the gymnasium: because his act of appointment is not from the curators, but from the Noble Lords


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