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Introduction to episode 4 The garrison town of Maastricht and the 86 40 University Medical Center ‘avant la lettre’.. ISeven United Netherlands. Although the town was eleven thousand troops, the latter being a one time peak inof the garrison and increased vigilance. The strength of thegarrison during this period varied between three thousand andn the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Maastricht wasone of the main garrison towns of the Republic of the governed by two lords – the States General and the Prince 1672. As a matter of fact, the garrison did not only consist of Bishop of Luik had rights – military affairs and the building of Dutch troops. The States General often hired foreign regiments fortresses were the province of the States General. to maintain the strength of the army. Thus Scottish and Swiss Maastricht dankte deMaastricht owed its important regiments were quartered in Maastricht for extended periods. position mainly to the fact that the fortress was a forward From the seventeenth century, military hospitals were position of the army in the direction of France. From the second established in many European countries where soldiers could half of the seventeenth century, the main military threat was be accommodated, nursed and receive medical treatment, posed by this country, and the most likely marching route for because soldiers did not fit into the usual arrangements where the French army to reach the heart of the Republic was through sick and wounded people were taken care of by family or the fertile Meuse valley. War or threat of war was a relatives. commonplace event and there were as many as five sieges At the end of the seventeenth century the former (1673, 1676, 1748, 1793 and 1794) and three occupations by monastery of the friar minors in the Pieterstraat in Maastricht the French. Military operations often took place in the was equipped as a for that time large and modern hospital for immediate vicinity of the fortress and this led to reinforcement the garrison. The military hospital was jointly led by a general


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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