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Faliezusters, grey sisters and private initiative 78 35 in the care of the insane. OMaastricht decided to lodge a mentally ill patient in the homes of private families.In 1728, Maastricht had considered building a largepaid the costs. From the middle of the eighteenth century untilthe French period mentally ill patients were mostly cared for inver Not much is known about the faliezusters orveiled sisters. In 1584, the Indivieze Council of the convent of the faliezusters. This order was established in town ‘house of detention, correction (for beggars) and insane Maastricht in 1470 and in all probability will have been asylum’ but lack of funds prevented this. It was not until 1780- engaged in the care of the mentally ill. Because the faliezusters 1782 that this plan was revived. The combination of house of preferred to devote themselves to religious duties, their role in detention, house of correction (for beggars) and insane asylum the care of the mentally ill diminished. In 1674 they were was quite common in those days. The house of detention was relieved of these duties by the town council. for those who deliberately committed evil deeds, the house of The grey sisters or grauwzusters of Hasselt had been called in in 1664 and 1669 when Maastricht was struck by the plague and the cell brothers, who were charged with the care of people with an (infectious) disease, defaulted on their duties. During the latter year they refused to bury the dead. The same happened during the next outbreak of the plague, after which the grey sisters permanently settled in Maastricht, on the Heksenhoek. They made an agreement with the town to take on the care of female insane patients. In 1717 the first patient whose care was paid for by the town was admitted. The costs of care were 250 florins a year when paid by the town. That was a large amount of money, and therefore the town doctors regularly checked whether care was still necessary. Efforts were also made to induce the family to pay or to put the patient up with private families. The insane asylum in Geel was cheaper, and in 1747 a patient was transferred there and another one in 1751. In 1753 four patients were transferred to Geel, where admission cost only 33 rijksdaalders (probably Southern Netherlands kruisrijksdaalders or pattacons). However, this decision was revoked in 1754 when two patients from Geel were put up in Maastricht at the home of a certain Gerard Delnoz. Henceforward patients only stayed with the cell brothers or the grey sisters when their families


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