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Page 72-73: De Chirurgijn 1670. David Teniers de Jongere (1610-1690). The Flemish painting shows the barber-surgeon at work in his shop. At the right side the master is treating a disease on the back of a patient, his youngest servant prepares the bandage above a plate with hot coal in order to cover and cautherize the wound. A senior servant prepares a second patient at the left for bloodletting. The brass vessel on the stool will be used to collect the blood. | Chrysler Museum of Art. Norfolk Below: Statutes of the Fraternity of Surgeons in Maastricht. Resolution of the town council, 'Indivieze Raad', 4 september 1651. | Archive indivieze Raad Maastricht ,inv.nr.66 71 Utrecht around 1085, who advocated for ‘examination of the the university of Padua, where medical education was the best bodies of the dead in order to restore the health of the living.’ in Europe. Here he obtained his doctoral degree and was For centuries the papal decree caused stagnation at the medical appointed professor. Padua was not within papal authority, but front in Europe. In 1480, almost a century after its foundation, it was governed by the Doge of Venice. Under Venetian rule the university of Cologne gave the first lectures on anatomy, successive professors in Padua were given permission to while surgical lectures and procedures were not introduced perform autopsies. Based on his observations during the until 1684. It was not until 1715 that on the initiative of autopsies he performed, Vesalius wrote his famous anatomy professor Thomas Steinhaus, a graduate from Padua, the first atlas De humani corporis fabrica in 1543. At Leuven university sections were performed at the university of Cologne. This took it took a long time before it was considered safe to designate place in a special ‘anatomical theatre’. this anatomical atlas as educational material. The permission to The renowned university of Leuven did not play a perform autopsies that was granted in Maastricht in 1651 was pioneering role in dissection either. Andries van Wesel, who only the more notable. became famous under his Latin name of Vesalius, had performed autopsies as a student in 1535, but the university policy was so conservative that he thought it better to move to


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