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Left: Tend the sick, one of the seven works of charity, wood-panel painting in the sacristy of the Sint- Servaaskerk. | Flemish, ±1600, influence Frans Floris. Parish Sint Servaas Below: Monastic orders in Maastricht, drawing of the religious capuchins, cellbrothers, grey- sisters, religious of St.Andries, hospitalières of the Sint- Servaas hospice. | RHCL Cvdn 336 63 went hand in hand. Generally, it was appointed the ‘Heilige-Geestmeesters’ robbed pilgrims to support their own only sick and poor pilgrims, people who for the poor table of the Great Holy needs. The rise of nation states meant were sick and poor and old people Ghost. The Heilige-Geestmeesters that travellers were increasingly required without relatives who were eligible for managed a number of poor houses in to carry increasingly expensive admission to a hospice or to ask for The Holy Ghost, a small square between passports. As a consequence pilgrimages, support. People of means had to be cared the Market and the Grote Staat. These including those to Maastricht, came to a for at home when they were ill and houses were made available toe people halt around 1600. This affected the pilgrims who had money stayed in who were destitute, to elderly people hospices too. Some closed their doors hostels. The town government was who had no families and to people who while others turned their attention to responsible for the care of people with were recovering from severe illness. the care of the sick and poor of the contagious diseases and the poor. Soon afterwards, the town also had town. In 1628, Elisabeth Strouven and Mayors, members of the town council institutions that looked after certain her followers established a farm, soon and the Indivieze Council (the town categories of people, such as elderly followed by a convent, where they council composed of equal numbers of people without relatives or orphans. tended to their, at first modest but soon citizens from Luik and Brabant) annually From the second half of the main task of caring for the sick. For appointed ‘hospital masters’ for the fifteenth century onwards Europe was centuries Maastricht had known selfless leprosarium and the plague barracks, ravaged by (religious) wars, and congregations, such as the cell brothers, situated in more or less isolated locations travelling became increasingly hazardous capuchins and antonites, and later also in and around the town. They also due to underpaid, roaming troops that the faliezusters and grey sisters, who in some form were engaged in the care of the sick. From the fourteenth century, the town had employed doctors and barber-surgeons. The decision to quarter a garrison of regular troops in Maastricht created a need for dedicated health care for the army. religious of Sint Andries hospitalières Sint Servaas


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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