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Jan Wijtinc, Details of a map of the siege of Maastricht. Cletcher 1632. In the foreground outside the town the Laserije near the gallows. | RCHL named Van Wesele GAM 1231 55 In 1428, medicinae doctor Jan Wijtinc, born in Wezel, visited the town of Maastricht. Wijtinc van Wesele had received his degree of doctor in medicinis from the university of Padua in 1427. He may have been on his way home from Italy when he visited Maastricht. Here he could gain practical experience and use his recently acquired knowledge in treating the victims of the plague epidemic that swept through Maastricht in 1428. He was fortunate to survive the epidemic. Van Wesele was appointed professor of medicine at the University of Leuven in 1429. The one time plague doctor of Maastricht was to become the great grandfather of Andreas van Wesel, later known by the name Andreas Vesalius, one of the icons of medical history. In 1543, he published his famous anatomical atlas De humani corporis fabrica. One of the copies of the more sumptuous second edition of this book printed in 1555 is in the Maastricht Municipal Library . These goods were administered by so-called Sick masters, town offi cials who had to swear to administer the goods in a just and prudent manner. The Sick masters also advised the town council about matters like admission of someone who had been declared healthy but was severely disfi gured to the town’s houses for the poor in the Holy Ghost, the inner court between the Market and the Grote Staat. These people could live there for the rest of their lives and received an annual benefi t of corn and coal. The number of lepers diminished in Maastricht, as in the rest of Europe, during the fi fteenth century. The Large Table of the Holy Ghost, the town’s institution for poor relief, soon took over the possessions of the leper house. As a result of neglected maintenance the complex Portrait of Andreas Vesalius (1514 -1564) at the autopsy fell into ruins and in 1697 the town council had it table in Padua. From his demolished famous book De humani corporis fabrica. Basel 1543.


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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