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41 over time it was rebuilt in gothic style. Around 1570 the demand for care appears to have risen dramatically, for in 1630 northern and western facades on the Vrijthof were adorned the sisters complained to the chapter that they did not have with portrait medallions and cartouches in the style of the suffi cient room. Apparently their pleas went unheeded, for they Maasland renaissance. Peter van Daele, who was appointed turned to the two lords of Maastricht, the prince-bishop of Luik rector of the chapel in 1571, may have commissioned these. In and the Duke of Brabant. At that time, the Duchy of Brussels 1617, the chapter of Sint Servaas entrusted the care of pilgrims was ruled by the Infante Isabella Clara Eugenia. Together with and the homeless to the hospital sisters of Sint Elisabeth of her husband, archduke Albert of Austria, she reigned from 1601 Tienen. They were a great deal cheaper than the lay people or until 1622 and later, as a widow, she was governor of the beguines of the earlier times. southern Netherlands until 1633. The hospice was allowed to In the meantime pilgrimages had declined. In the expand eastwards, for which some houses in the Platielstraat course of the sixteenth century - a time when nation states had to make way. were on the rise, professional armies were formed and Europe As a result of the conquest of Maastricht by the States was ravaged by religious wars - there was a continuous decline General of the Republic of the United Netherlands in 1632, the of interest in pilgrimages. Not the most unlikely of the probable chapter and the Sint Servaas hospice faced protestant causes is mercenaries, robbing pilgrims to provide for their own interference. The cheap sisters of Tienen were replaced by lay needs. Pilgrimages came practically to a halt. Eventually, people nurses and servants paid by the chapter. The hospice became a from the region were the only ones to attend the processions to general institution, as is witnessed by the education agreement the sanctuary of Sint Servaas, until a ban on all public religious for practical training made in 1639 by a medical student and display put an end to these as well. Nevertheless, during the the surgeon Robert Charbonier, who worked in the hospice. troubled times of the Eighty Years War (1568 -1648), the This does not prove, however, that by that time the hospice


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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