Page 42

Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd

Sint Servaas hospice and the inn ‘In den Vogelstruys’ at the Vrijthof 1669. 40 Drawing Josua de Grave (1645 - 1712). | RHCL LGOG The Sint Servaas hospice of him who said: ‘The healthy do not need the doctor, but the The Maastricht Sint Servaas hospice is one of the oldest known sick do.” In the following passage ‘the healing of an insane hospices in the region. It was established in the Vrijthof, Lombard’, Jocundus makes mention of the Sint Servaas hospice. immediately across from the crypt church of Sint Servaas, He writes: “Another time someone from Lombardy arrived at between the present Platielstraat and the Bredestraat. At that Maastricht, who was also incurably insane. When the citizens location, running water was available from a branch of the river discovered this, they were fi lled with fear, but because he was a Jeker, which was essential for hospices. This course of the river pilgrim, they received him in the hospice where he was treated was found when builders were digging at the construction site as a fellow human being”. Finally, Jocundus makes direct of a parking garage in the late 1960. Apart from healthy and reference to the Sint Servaas hospice in the section on ‘Walter sick pilgrims, the hospice also offered (medical) care to sick the cripple’: “A man who was crippled and lame in all his limbs, canons and personnel of the chapter. came to the grave of your glorious patron, carried on a cart by Jocundus, a priest-author from northern France was some relatives. His name was Walter. Almost all winter the man the fi rst to mention the hospice. In order to bolster the fame of lay outside the church on the west side, except on some Sint Servaas, the Maastricht chapter asked Jocundus around occasions when Adelbert, one of the canons, praised be his 1050 to write a life of the saint. In the section about ‘The name, carried him on his shoulders and took him into the healing of David when he was insane’, it says: “A man was hospice. Walter would most certainly have died of cold and staying at Maastricht who had come from strange lands. His hunger without the help of this priest. He remained there in name was David. In a certain year he was seized by a strange this way suffering until the feast of Sint Servatius. In that night fervour. No-one could stand him; no-one could resist him. At he was cured, indeed he was cured as completely as if he had night he was locked outside, but during the day he moved never known any of his ailments.” around stealthily among the houses (…) and he attacked and At least until 1130, the care of pilgrims was a direct beat whomever he met (…). even the canons of Sint Servaas – responsibility of the chapter, which appointed one of the in whose care he had been many times – he wounded and he canons as master of the hospice. Adelbert, who carried the sick caused severe injury to some lay people, who seemed intent on Walter to ‘his hospice’, is the oldest known master of the defending themselves. ” Jocundus continues by saying that on hospital. More than a century after Jocundus, Henric van the night before Easter David forced entry into the church and Veldeke portrays the canon Hezelo as master of the hospital in desecrated the baptismal water before the church guards his legend of Sint Servaas. Undoubtedly, the hospital masters managed to throw him out. There he remained, ranting and employed people to do the daily work. Whether these were all raging until Sint Servaas personally intervened and dispelled religious people, like begaarden or beguines, we do not know, the rage, whereupon David fell into a deep sleep. “From that but they were defi nitely paid employees. In 1171, the chapter time on this man, as is testifi ed by those who have known him, built a chapel onto the hospice, of which one of the canons remained in the best of health until the end of his life, in praise became rector. Initially, the chapel had a roman exterior, but


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
To see the actual publication please follow the link above