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39 Left: Opposite: Sint Servaas hospice. Drawing by Ph.van Gulpen ca.1840. | RHCL, the present Vrijthof. He sanctified Servaas by literally lifting up THA collection GAM Album Van Gulpen 5 his bones to the honour of the altars, in other words by placing Top: Plan of the Vrijthof and the Servaas hospice (C) 1894. Lithography Van them on the altar. Soon Sint Servaas was worshiped Geusau. | RHCL Kaarten van Geusau 1 everywhere, because it was claimed that on a pilgrimage to Rome he had received from Saint Peter a key that could be used their travels by robberies or fell ill due to hardships, while for to open heaven. But people in the middle ages, for whom many recovery from a disease was the very reason for medical care was hard to come by, considered it just as undertaking their pilgrimage. Maastricht was one of main places important to invoke the saint for sudden fevers of both people of pilgrimage of north-western Europe. In the 380s, Aravaas or and cattle. In the first decades following the council of 816, the Servatius, bishop of the tribe of the Tongeren, was supposed to abbey of Sint Servaas built a hospice to receive pilgrims. A have died and been buried there. Monulfus, one of his hospice attached to the Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk was also successors, built a stone church on top of Servaas’ tomb in 570. acquired by the later chapter. The grave was in the old Roman cemetery, situated at the site of


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