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36 Stokstraat in 1884 and later in 1963 and 1994. One of the Near the instruments, in a layer dating from the second or third constructions that were dug up consisted of two connected century, a Roman salve stone was also dug up. The names of semi-circular extensions, apses, which formed the ends of a four different eye salves are engraved on the edge of the stone long corridor-like space. Interestingly, both apses had a hot salve, which is made of slate and approximately 5x5x1 water supply (hypocaustum), an architectural feature indicative centimetres in size. Similar stones have been found in of a bath house, a second thermae complex in Maastricht. Bath Nijmegen, Heerlen and Valkenburg as well as in several houses with double apses have also been found in Roman locations in England. Eye salve stones were used by doctors military settlements elsewhere, such as in Baden-Württemberg specialised in eye diseases (medici ocularii) by way of company in southern Germany. seal. They were used to impress the recipe and the name of the Roman soldiers were stationed within the walls of the maker in the eye salves that were prepared. Elsewhere in South castellum. The Roman army, the only organisation capable of Limburg bowls and pestles for grinding and spatulas to apply building and maintaining a building of this kind with a salves have been found. A salve stone from Waals-Houthem hypocaustum was also the only body that had an organised carries doctor Titus’ recipes for saffron salve and for basil balm medical service in the fourth century. Military doctors were to “fortify the light of the eyes”. One Maastricht salve stone always stationed in army camps, while in the larger ones carries a recipe for the treatment of trachoma which today is lazerets (valetudinarian) were built. In the former Roman army known as a vitriol solution. On the same stone a palladium salve camp at Neuss (Castrum Novaesium) near Düsseldorf, a is mentioned, all recommended by Probinus and Victorinus, complete military hospital was excavated. The Maastricht medici ocularii. In this way the Roman legions introduced castellum, however, cannot be compared to an army camp for thermae, medical instruments and eye salve stones to several legions like the one at Neuss. It is unlikely that the Maastricht as the earliest traces of medicine in the region. modest castellum on the Meuse had its own valetudinarium. Archaeological finds, however, do show signs of medical activity. Near the location of the heated apses a bronze ring with five old medical instruments hanging from it was found under the debris of the castellum in 1883. These instruments, a bronze ear spoon, a scalpel, a small two-pronged fork to apply ointments, a bronze probe and a small spoon, were all part of the standard equipment of a Roman healer. In all likelihood, these instruments belonged to a military surgeon or someone else involved in medical treatment of the soldiers in the castellum.


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