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Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd

31 A Roman settlement sprang up on either side of the bridge. castellum, a granary and several storehouses were built. The It was to prosper for the next one and a half century under the soldiers lived in tentsand holes made by the tent pegs have Pax Romana. Various excavations have revealed remains of been discovered in the ground when the site was excavated. public buildings of this Roman settlement. Near the present In the second half of the fourth century, the Romans decided Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk remains were exposed of a sanctuary that the bridge needed renovation and in the northern part of with a Jupiter column. On the eastern bank of the Meuse the fortress they erected their last building, a military bath remains were found of concrete foundations, possibly of a house, which was destroyed before 400. After that the sanctuary to Mithras. In the pavement of the present castellum increasingly served a civilian centred around crafts, Thermenplein, which was built in the same period, the outlines such as the production of deer horn combs, glass and pottery. of a Roman bath house are still discernible. In the course of the fifth century, the Roman rule of the region Around 270 AD, the period of stability came to an end. was superseded by that of the Franks and their Merovingian Invading German tribes from the east threatened the northern sovereigns. The castellum remained intact and a surrounding border of the Roman Empire. In order to ward of invasions, moat was dug. Maastricht was ruled by a dynasty of counts, military fortresses were built along the Roman road from who between 500 and 550 built a private church on the site of Cologne via Tongeren to Boulogne-sur-Mer. In Maastricht, the the Roman cemetery to the west of the old castellum at the Romans built a fortress (castellum) at the western end of the place of the present courtyard of the Servaas church. bridge across the Meuse around 330. The presence of this noble dynasty persuaded Monulfus to The fortress had ten round towers and gate buildings establish himself as bishop in Maastricht. In order to justify his and was defended by troops in Roman service. Within the choice he built a stone church on the spot where an earlier


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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