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Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd

19 was 48 years. The construction of a central sewage system in Stained-glass leaded window, view on Maastricht 1960. | Private collection 1863 and piped water supply in 1887 made important contributions to the battle against communicable diseases in treatment. These progressions in medicine exerted a strong Maastricht. influence on the development of the Sint Annadal hospital. In a period of 25 years, it developed from a 350 bed town hospital with a small staff of core specialties into a teaching hospital Sint Annadal with 750 beds and an extensive staff with numerous subspecialties. However, the foundation of a new university in Throughout the Western world the need for hospital beds was Maastricht was about to bring even greater change. on the increase, partly due to the increased powers of medicine, but also due to social changes which led to the near disappearance of home care for the sick. As early as 1920 the University Medical Center modern Calvariënberg proved too small. Again the Burgerlijk Armbestuur was forced to make plans for new constructions. The eighth Dutch faculty of medicine was founded thanks to These plans were delayed, however, for several reasons, the the efforts of a few visionary founding fathers like Tans and Second World War in particular. In 1950 staff and nurses moved Tiddens and after many years of discussions about political from Calvariënberg to the new Sint Annadal Hospital. Medicine issues and the faculty’s scientific and educational substance. was going through a period of dramatic changes. In the late In 1976 Maastricht officially became a university town. The nineteenth and early twentieth century, progress was mainly University of Limburg was based on principles that supported a restricted to diagnostics. After the discovery of penicillin in profile of innovations in medical education and health care. 1929, new medicines and treatments were discovered at a very The established consultants of Sint Annadal had to make way rapid rate in Europe and the United States, which brought real for professors as department heads. New construction was improvement in the treatment of many common diseases. undertaken, once again supported by the Burgerlijk Tuberculosis all but disappeared from the clinics. Heart surgery Armbestuur. The new academic hospital Maastricht (azM) was and kidney transplantation went from experiment to routine built in Randwyck on the same site as the laboratories and


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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