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Left: 'Students' offered a petition to Governor van Rooy to support the start of the eighth medical faculty in Maastricht, 1968. | RHCL. GAM F 16885 photo Paul Mellaart Right: The basic philosophy. 205 general practitioners should be trained. The government was also looking for more efficiency in the very costly medical education system. The percentage of students that dropped out of medical school was high, and the transition from predominantly theoretical education to clinical work was fraught with difficulties for many students. Medical education was driven by examinations and was not in alignment with medical practice, according to students and education experts. It was therefore not coincidental that the new university sought to distinguish itself by introducing problem-based learning and innovations in health care: its basic philosophy fit seamlessly with societal needs and political aspirations, which created strong support in the Hague. The principles of the basic philosophy contributed academic hospital' prevailed. The Sint Annadal hospital considerably to the positive development of the medical faculty. transitioned to an academic hospital and thus paved the way Although the faculties that were established after the faculty of for new construction of what was to become the Maastricht medicine were initially sceptical of PBL, they all adopted this academic hospital (azM). Although the virtual academic region approach either partially or fully. After McMaster Maastricht of the MRC was never realised, an important component of the developed into an internationally recognised centre of expertise MRC concept was achieved. With regard to the highly desirable in PBL. The decision of the faculty of medicine to strengthen goal of strengthening primary care, a unique network of primary care gave the faculty a national and international academic general practices in and around Maastricht was reputation in this domain. The decision to focus on thematic created, providing a workplace for academic education and research laid the foundation for the research institutes of the research. faculty and the later Maastricht UMC+. One aspect of the basic PBL and primary care were not the only aspects of the philosophy remained contentious and in the end was not basic philosophy that helped Maastricht gain a strong implemented. In Tidden's vision the faculty of medicine should reputation. The basic philosophy emphasised the importance of make optimal use of regional health care facilities. Hospitals embedding health care in the social cultural situation and and institutions in Southern Limburg could jointly furnish a painted a picture of society as a source of disease. Attention clinical workplace for the faculty, which would obviate the need was also placed on the gradual transition from health to disease. for an academic hospital. This led to the setting up of a Medical The sociologist Professor dr. H. Philipsen developed a model in Regional Centre (MRC), but this body never left the drawing which healthy living, factors that threatened and promoted board. Gradually, also in Tans's view, the idea of a 'fully fledged health, and medical and non-medical interventions to influence


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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