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187 with the white paper on mental health care published by hospital and necessitated evacuation of one hundred patients. Kruisinga, the health care minister. There was increasing Due to this fire things speeded up. It now proved possible to irritation among civil servants, who succeeded in forcing a implement all sorts of changes, and in 1991, this culminated in drastic change of direction, but reluctantly had to concede that government permission for new construction to replace the construction was too far advanced to allow any change. Soon existing buildings, again on the condition that an alternative use after the first patients had moved in, the building proved to be would be found for the building. entirely unsatisfactory: it was noisy, patients did not feel at Nevertheless, the picture of an institution that had lost home, and from the very start the exploitation ran into huge its way continued during the 1990s. In 1992, Vijverdal merged deficits due to understaffing and unused square meters. The with the regional institution for ambulatory mental care celebrations on the occasion of the opening on 26 September, (RIAGG), but cooperation with the academic hospital was 1973 could not conceal the deep crisis: among the staff there increasingly problematic. The same was true of Vijverdal's was a general feeling of powerlessness and despondency as well finances. The board of governors of Vijverdal was unable to as a lack of confidence in Vijverdal's future. resolve this financial crisis and conflicts accumulated causing It took until the years 1982-1983 before any new the departure of members of the board. The merger with policy developments took place. These led to a long-term plan RIAGG came to an early end and plans for a merger with the for accommodation, but failed to meet with government academic hospital were called off. A new master plan was approval. The College of Care Provisions (CVZ)'s sweeping completed in 1995, giving rise to a number of initiatives for criticism summarily dismissed the plans of Vijverdal, which was new construction: a nursing home in the first three floors of the left at a loss as to what to do with its star-shaped building. star building, renovation of a wing (the Concorde) to make it A long period ensued in which one plan rapidly followed on the suitable for clinical and part time places, the realisation of next one and characterised by navigating between the building's 60 clinical places on the site and various reconstructions. limitations, demands from the government and society's views The master plan for the reconstruction of Vijverdal, including of psychiatry. By that time it had become clear that it was an the demolition of the star building, was not approved until unrealistic dream to expect that all psychiatric patients could be 2001. After the implosion of the building in 2007, Vijverdal cured. This brought the realisation that a longstay facility was was ready to start building a new future. inevitable. In 1988, Vijverdal had two hundred places for chronic patients, one hundred for non-chronic patients, 65 for psychogeriatric patients and one hundred day care places. For a very long time, efforts continued to find a destination for the building and reconstruction was delayed. A fire in the star-shaped building on 14 February, 1991 took the lives of three patients, caused nine patients to end up in


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