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Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd

Calvariënberg institution for the insane 61 1847 -1952. T1859 states which three categories of patients could be ninety patients. However, many efforts did not move beyondDemand for places grew steadily. Much was done to equip thebuilding to meet the regional demand for places for aroundhe Calvariënberg institution for the insane was officiallyput into operation on 1 May, 1847. A municipal order of 148 admitted: poor insane people living in Maastricht, at the studies and good intentions. Every year ten to fifteen patients expense of the institution, poor insane people living elsewhere, from Maastricht had to be turned away due to lack of places. at the expense of the municipality in question and needy insane They went to ‘s Hertogenbosch, which had undertaken the people, at the expense of special persons or ‘administrations’. The Burgerlijk Armbestuur, which was responsible for the administration of the institution, strongly disagreed with the order that they had to bear the cost of the first category. After lengthy discussions the town decided to bear part of the cost: one hundred guilders annually. Between 1857 and 1921 the institution had fifty to 75 beds. When the institution was opened, Mr and Mrs Nijst-Ronckers were put in charge of the daily running. But in 1848 they were replaced by a nun. In 1851, Maria Elisabeth Paulissen was put in charge. Together with Maria Elisabeth Gruyters, she established the congregation of the sisters of mercy of the holy Carolus Borromeus (sisters under the arches). In 1866 all lay personnel, who worked as caretakers only, had been replaced by the sisters. From 1921 lay nurses returned. As for therapy, attention was mainly focused on what today is known as occupational therapy. On the ground floor of the old chapel of the monastery a number of workshops were set up in 1859 where women and men with mental illnesses could be occupied in repairing clothes, fluffing and repairing mattresses, basket weaving and carpentry. In the early 60s for example, five hundred finished coffins were produced, intended for deceased people who were on poor relief. By involving the residents of the institution as much as possible in the work, the residents were economically useful. Recreational activities were also organised: games were played and patients tended the garden and poultry.


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