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13 Left: Engraving of the interior of Hôtel-Dieu, Paris. Showing the different functions roman catholic faith and its rules determined by monasteries of the house of god, about 1500. | Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. and chapters dominated the town’s daily life. Pilgrimages and Top: Hôtel Dieu in the middle ages.| Miniature from Livre de vie active de l’Hôtel Dieu de processions were the order of the day. Apart from spontaneous Paris. Jehan Henry fifteenth century recovery, the only hope of succour for the sick lay in prayer and the intercession of designated saints. After long journeys, Saint The Sint Servaas hospice was governed by the Sint Servaas Servatius was called upon for help in cases of bone disease, chapter, a powerful and rich consortium of secular canons in febrile disease and foot pain. Thanks to the growing stream of the city. A second prominent Maastricht chapter was connected pilgrims who were attracted by the crypt church of Saint with the Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk, and from the middle ages this Servaas, Maastricht developed into the main destination for chapter was also involved in accommodating pilgrims in its own pilgrims in North Western Europe. Like elsewhere in Europe, Saint Agatha hospice. devotion and finance were closely intertwined, and for the In the middle ages, Maastricht was a small town covering 114 population, the chapters in particular, pilgrims were a source of hectares with a population of around 10,000. Apart from growing prosperity. Undoubtedly, the chapters were intent on agriculture by large landowners, Maastricht’s limited revenues furthering devotion and offering charity to poor pilgrims with came from the cloth industry and trade on the rive Meuse. The their hospices, but raising income and the trade brought by


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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