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Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd

Left: Bottle with inscription:“Pharmacy of the municipial poor Maastricht”. | RHCL, Archive B.I.W.M. Right: Certificate by the 'doctor for the poor' of the Burgerlijk Armbestuur in Maastricht, stating that two children, 10 and 14 years of age, were suffering from febris typhoidea and had to be admitted "immediately and without delay" in the 134 Calvariënberg hospital. | RHCL the church was also given back their responsibility for the care of the poor. All poor funds that were not affiliated with any specific religious denomination were entrusted to the College of Governors. The tasks of the College of Governors encompasses the entire domain of care of the sick and the poor, including intramural and extramural care, which was not provided for by a church or private institution. As for intramural care, the College was put in charge of the administration of a conglomerate of institutions. Ten houses and hospices, six workshops, a bakery, a pharmacist and a loan office. Over the years some institutions were disposed of, workshops were closed and the loan office was handed to the Maastricht town council. New initiatives were undertaken, like the construction and running of the Calvariënberg civilian hospital for the Sick and Disabled (1821), the Calvariënberg institution for the insane (1847), the Calvariënberg hospital (1891) and the foundation and administration of the Sint Servatius home at the Henric Veldekeplein, which accommodated forty old women. In 1939 construction of the Sint Annadal Hospital commenced, and in 1950 the administration of this hospital was handed over to the foundation of the same name. The Vijverdal psychiatric centre, which was developed later and the Klevarie nursing homes were handed over to foundations of the same name once these had been established. The College of Governors was also responsible for extramural care for homebound poor people, whose income was not sufficient to live on. In the early nineteenth century poor relief was very limited and consisted almost exclusively of payment of expenses for doctor and midwife, medication, funeral and provision of coal and bread. Financial support was almost non-existent.


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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