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Care for the insane during the 53 nineteenth century until 1850. Aregarding mental disease. King William I showed in a fiery address delivered a plea to provide ‘the care required-1862)No attention was given to ways to cure the patients until 1837,when Professor Dr J.L.C. Schroeder van der Kolk (1797round the beginning of the nineteenth century therewas a shift in the ideas about social responsibility 130 great concern for these patients, partly influenced by the French to relieve the plight of the insane and to offer them a cure in doctor Philippe Pinel (1745-1826). At that time care for the our fatherland’. By Royal Decree of 5 October, 1841 the care insane was the responsibility of the ‘Administrator of the Poor for the mentally insane was placed under the supervision of the System and Prisons’. Various Royal Decrees were issued in government. In Maastricht too it was increasingly realised that succession to improve conditions for the mentally ill. steps had to be taken. A visitation of the house of Didden, In Limburg a proper survey of the number of mentally ill Brand’s successor, in 1842 by Schroeder van der Kolk had people had to wait until 1824-1825. It turned out that there resulted in a scathing judgment: it was one of the worst were 229 patients, of which 131 were men. The care of the institutions in the Netherlands. At the insistence of the majority of 137 patients was paid for by their families, the other ministry of Internal Affairs, chains were removed, seats patients depended on the town or poor councils. Only 54 provided in the ‘huts’ as well as games for entertainment. patients were in an institution. In Maastricht, 24 men and Forced closure was threatened and the town and the province nineteen women were living in the private house of Brand. Many insisted on the establishment of a new institution for the patients were institutionalised without any legal justification. The insane, preferably at provincial level. Burgerlijk Armbestuur refused to take any responsibility, although conditions at Brand’s were qualified as unsatisfactory with both housing and care being substandard.


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