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Left: Illustrious School in Maastricht. Pen drawing by Bèr Eggen 2009. Reconstruction according to details of the maquette of Maastricht 1748 and a drawing of the Latin School by town architect Mathias Soiron. | RHCL Right: Details of the maquette of Maastricht 1748. Corner Sint Jacobslaan and Kapoenstraat with the premisses of the Illustrious School. | RHCL GAM F36282 113 medicinae doctor and he had received his doctoral degree from Leiden in 1672. Barthelemy had practised medicine in Sedan, but was appointed town plague doctor in Maastricht in 1690 where he worked from 1696 as garrison doctor in the military hospital. His son Bartholomeus succeeded him in both of these positions. Thus, around 1700, there was a connection between the Illustrious School and the military hospital through the Barthelemy family. This offered opportunities for medical education. Unfortunately, in the absence of archives of the Illustrious School nothing can be said about its curriculum with any degree of certainty, although it is certain that the later professor Pelerin discovered a skeleton and Vesalius’s famous anatomy book among the effects of father and son Barthelemy in the military hospital. Both suggest the existence of some form of medical education. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, higher education, including medical education, was very small scale and it was not uncommon for teaching to take place in someone’s home or in a nearby hospice. This may have been the case during the time of Barthelemy. A chair in medicine was not established in the Illustrious School until much later. Initially, education in the Illustrious School was his speech on the occasion of the centenary of the protestant confined to the ‘artes liberales’. After the foundation course at Latin School, rector Leverickvelt addressed the medicinae doctor the Illustrious School most students went to university for a together with the other professors. Willem Albert Bachiene, vocational course in law or medicine. Gradually, the Illustrious professor of Astronomy and Geography, also made separate Schools in Deventer, Dordrecht, Den Bosch, Breda, Nijmegen mention of the medical professor in his inaugural address on and Amsterdam, however, also began to offer a foundation 6 November, 1764. Adrien Pelerin, who had earlier been course in medicine. A two-year programme included, apart from appointed professor of anatomy and surgery in Maastricht by the medical classics, like Hippocrates and Galenus, anatomy and the State Council, was the first to hold the chair of medicine. dissection. The latter was supported by lessons in anatomy. In In contrast to the other professors, Pelerin was not appointed by 1744, the first chair in anatomy and medicine was established in the curators, but by the State Council. Pelerin was probably not the Illustrious School of Maastricht. On 17 September, 1744, in paid by the Illustrious School, as he held a named chair in his


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