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The Illustrious 47 School. IMaastricht and the surrounding region attended the Jesuitn order to be prepared for a university education, the sonsof the upper middle class and roman catholic families in 112 college, which since its foundation in 1575 had had an excellent reputation. During the two centuries after it was founded, the school had three to four hundred pupils, except for the period Maastricht in the closing decades of the seventeenth century. between 1639 and 1673, during which the Jesuits were Besides the Low Dutch Reformed Church and a handful of banished from the town, and in the first decade of the Lutherans, a protestant French speaking religious community seventeenth century, when the school had as many as five to six sprang up in Maastricht, the Wallonian community. The influx of hundred students. In the decades around 1650, the gap left by protestant French intellectuals was also to have a direct effect on the absence of the Jesuits was filled by the Latin Town school, secondary and higher education in Maastricht. which initially existed only on paper but was given a new life in Traditionally, roman catholic students from Maastricht 1640. After Maastricht was captured by Frederik Hendrik in went to the universities of Leuven or Cologne. The protestant 1632, roman catholics and protestants were given equal rights. elite turned to the universities of Leiden, Franeker, Groningen For the children of the small protestant elite of administrators or Utrecht. In order to shorten an expensive university and people associated with the garrison a reformed Latin School education and in order to ease the transition of young students was founded in 1636, which led a precarious existence. from the province to university, pre-university training was For a long time, funding remained problematic, and the provided in the so-called Illustrious Schools. An Illustrious reformed elite preferred to send their children to the prestigious School or Illustrious Gymnasium was not the same as the last Jesuit school and its replacement the Latin Town School. two years of a Latin School, where preparatory higher education De Maastricht’s protestant community was given a fresh was delivered by professors of theology, philosophy and classical impulse when, after half a century of relative religious freedom, languages. In 1683, an Illustrious School was founded in Louis XIV, the French king, started his persecution of the Maastricht, which comprised the íllustration’ of the protestant Huguenots, the followers of Calvin in his country. From 1669, Latin School with two additional years of special education by a growing stream of Huguenots made their way to the tolerant professors. The school was situated in the Kapoenstraat. For Republic, reaching its peak when the Huguenots were declared academic ceremonies the Sint Janskerk was used. The Illustrious persona non grata in France. School started with three professors, one of theology, one of Maastricht, where roman catholics and protestants philosophy and one of rhetoric and classical languages. The first had equal rights, also attracted a stream of protestant refugees. professors all came from Sedan. For a long time educating The closure of the protestant academy of Sedan in the north of ministers was the main objective of the school. One of the first France, which was the intellectual centre of the Huguenots, professors was Jean Barthelemy, who was professor of brought dozens of ministers, professors and intellectuals to philosophy from 1693 -1701. He was philosopher but also


Geneeskundeboek-Opmaak Binnenwerk-ENG.indd
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